The thyroid gland is an endocrine gland found inside your neck, right under your larynx (or voice box). It is butterfly-shaped and weighs between 20 and 60 grams.

It produces two major types of hormones – T4 (Thyroxine) and T3 (Triiodothyronine) which controls the function and activity of roughly every organ and cell in your body.

Roughly 90% of the hormones produced by your thyroid is in the form of T4 (the inactive form). T4 is converted into T3 (the active form) by your liver. These thyroid hormones also work together with all your other hormones. If everything is working as it should be your body will make what it needs and you will have the right amounts of T4 and T3.

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Did you know that women are 8 times more likely to develop a thyroid problem? So what is thyroid problem? Let’s take a look….

The active form of your thyroid hormone (T3) is significantly important for controlling the rate at which processes happen in your body or your metabolism.

If your levels of T3 (the active form) is insufficient possibly caused by limited production or not converting correctly from T4, this is what is thyroid problem. Your thyroid becomes underactive and sluggish. Your metabolism slows down and also becomes sluggish. This thyroid problem is called hypothyroidism.

Conversely if your levels of T3 (the active form) is excessive, your thyroid gland becomes overactive and your metabolism becomes excessively fast; this is what is thyroid problem. This thyroid problem is called hyperthyroidism.

Numerous things such as stress, nutritional deficiencies, toxins, infections, overtraining, malnutrition, allergies, medications containing oestrogen, various other medications for controlling blood pressure and seizures and countless other things can cause your body not to make sufficient T3 hormone or produce excessive T3 hormone, this is what is thyroid problem.

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So how do you identify what  is thyroid problem?

Here are 10 symptoms of an underactive thyroid problem (hypothyroidism)

1) Unexplained weight gain

2) Brain fog

3) Unexplained fatigue / lethargic

4) Constipation

5) Always feeling cold

6) Easily broken (brittle) nails

7) Dry skin

8) Dry hair / thinning hair

(9) Low body temperature

10) High cholesterol

Here are 10 symptoms of an overactive thyroid problem (hyperthyroidism)

1) Weight loss

2) Sweating

3) Loose stools

4) Feeling hot

5) Unexplained fatigue

6) Forgetfulness

7) Palpitation and increased heart rate

8) Menstrual problems

9) Difficulty falling asleep

10) Anxiety, racing thoughts and nervousness

If you have any of the above symptoms of an overactive or underactive thyroid problem, it is important for you to see a health care professional who will run some tests to check if the level of your thyroid hormones are in the normal range. Read about inflamed thyroid here.

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