Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is an autoimmune thyroid gland destruction disorder in which antibodies bind to thyroid peroxidase enzyme, thyroglobulin, TSH receptors or other cells. It is a frequent cause of primary hypothyroidism with a higher prevalence in women or in those who have a family history.
In terms of nutrition, the main aims are to strengthen immunity and encourage normal thyroid function by increasing nutrient intake and ensuring a high antioxidant diet.
Eat a rainbow of brightly coloured fruit and vegetables to ensure a good intake of antioxidants.RELATED: RECOMMENDED PLANS FOR YOU
Try to eat organic where possible to increase phytonutrient levels available in food and avoid processed foods and higher glycaemic load carbohydrates as much as possible.
Also work out any food intolerances to ensure you are not creating a strain on the immune system by constantly having to deal with an inflammatory immune response in the gut, because you are eating things your body doesn’t like! Get a food intolerance test and begin by cutting out gluten and casein (cow’s milk protein) immediately.
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Foods to include in a Hashimoto diet
to support healthy liver function such as barberry, gentian, goldenseal or bitter leaves such as rocket, lettuce, endive or chicory.Turmeric improves thyroid function and is a potent anti-inflammatory and antioxidant. It should be added to food liberally, taken as a supplement or even drunk fresh as juice. It’s readily available at the moment and I strongly suggest juicing it if you have a good cold-press juicer. Echinacea and other immunomodulatory herbs are beneficial for modulation of Th1 and Th2 balance, reducing antibody levels and tissue destruction and ensuring correct functioning of the immune system.
There is a strong correlation between low selenium intake and high levels of thyroid auto-antibodies so ensure a diet rich in selenium and its co-factors zinc, iodine and copper to improve energy production, reduce antibodies and increase thyroid hormone conversion. Read meat, liver, fish, split peas, sesame seeds, cashews and seaweed should be included in the diet.
Cold water fish and other sources of anti-inflammatory omega 3 fats
such as salmon, mackerel, sardines, flax and walnuts. I would look to include up to 5 servings of oily fish weekly. Stick to smaller fish wherever possibly to reduce mercury toxicity load (which is also detrimental to the thyroid) and always avoid tinned tuna as it is cooked in the can.
Foods high in vitamin D
to help modulate the immune system and inhibit autoantibody production. Include sardines, eggs, salmon and shiitake mushrooms. I would also add a spray supplement as pretty much everyone in the UK is deficient.
High B vitamin foods
to also modulate immunity and increase cell oxygenation, energy, digestion, thyroid hormone synthesis and red blood cell formation. These include organ meats, wild rice and other whole grains, almonds, liver, turkey, sunflower seeds, walnut, salmon and lentils. Almonds are slightly goitrogenic, so eat these in moderation and always soak nuts and seeds for at least an hour to remove their phytic acid outer layer which inhibits nutrient absorption.