The Thyroid produces two key hormones, Thyroxine or T4 and Triiodothyronine or T3
The balance of T4 and T3 is essential to maintaining the body’s metabolic rate as already mentioned as well as, heart and digestive functions, muscle control, brain development and maintenance of bones.RELATED: RECOMMENDED PLANS FOR YOU
Your thyroid gland, lies in the front of your neck in a position just below your Adam’s apple. It is made up of two lobes – the right lobe and the left lobe, each about the size of a plum cut in half – and these two lobes are joined by a small bridge of thyroid tissue called the isthmus.
The Thyroid produces both T4 and T3 and secretes about 3 parts T4 to one part T3 .T4 is the inactive or storage form of the hormone, and T3 is the active form. T4 alone won’t do much–you need T3. The liver is responsible for regulating thyroid function by converting most of the T4 to T3.
If the liver isn’t converting the thyroid properly, you’re going to experience hypothyroid (underactive thyroid) symptoms, which can prevent with symptoms such as tiredness and lethargy, weight gain and decreased cognitive function. The amount of glucose (sugar) in liver cells regulates the enzyme that converts T4 to T3, meaning your diet is very important for your thyroid health.
In order to make T3 and T4, the thyroid gland needs iodine, a substance found in the food we eat, such as Fish (such as cod and tuna), seaweed, shrimp, and other seafood, which are generally rich in iodine, but it can also be found in raw milk, dried prunes, strawberries, turkey breast and eggs.
So as I have already mentioned the Liver is an important part of keeping the Thyroid healthy and vice versa. The liver replies on a balance of proteins and glucose (sugar) to help it function optimally. So eating protein from sources such as meat, fish, eggs and nuts as well as glucose from seasonal fruit and vegetables with each meal will contribute to a healthy thyroid diet.
When the Thyroid is not working efficiently then the Parathyroid glands, which are four pea-sized glands, located in the neck just behind the butterfly-shaped thyroid gland will start producing parathyroid hormone (PTH).
PTH is an important regulator of calcium and magnesium metabolism. A deficiency of either calcium or magnesium can stimulate the parathyroid glands to produce more PTH, which increases calcium absorption, by removing calcium from the bones.
So by adding food that are rich in calcium and magnesium such as raw dairy, dark green vegetables such as Kale, nut and seeds like almonds and pumpkin seeds and using salts like Himalayan will also give your body enough of the right nutrients that will support the Thyroid and prevent the Parathyroid glands from over working.